Carbon Monoxide Alarms should be an important part of your home security strategy. They detect carbon monoxide gas and set off an alarm. This alarm will let you get your family quickly out of the house. Some system-connected detectors will alert a monitoring company and they will send the appropriate authorities to your house to check on the situation.
Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a deadly, odorless, colorless, and poisonous gas. It is produced by the incomplete burning of various fuels including coal, wood, propane, and natural gas.
In the home, carbon monoxide can be produced by various appliances. The gas is formed from incomplete combustion from any flame-fueled (not electric) appliance. These appliances can include ranges, ovens, and dryers.
A vehicle in a garage can also produce carbon monoxide. Vehicles are the main causes of carbon monoxide poisoning.
Carbon Monoxide is a deadly and poisonous gas. It is dangerous because it can't be detected without a detection device. That is why it is sometimes called a silent killer.
Smaller concentrations can be damaging over a longer duration of time. A larger concentration of carbon monoxide present can do damage to an individual over a shorter amount of time.
Symptoms for low levels of CO poisoning are similar to symptoms of the flu. These symptoms can include headaches, nausea, and dizziness.
The symptoms for a high level of CO poisoning are much worse for the individual. High levels of CO poisoning can result in progressively more severe symptoms. These symptoms can include:
As mentioned, Carbon Monoxide alarms should be an important part of preventing CO poisoning. Detectors can be battery powered or AC powered. The hard wired detectors should have a battery back-up in case you lose power.
Carbon monoxide detectors have three main sensor types. The sensor types are electrochemical, colorimetric, and metal oxide semiconductor sensors.
Electrochemical sensors work like fuel cells. The fuel cell is designed to produce a current that is related to the amount carbon monoxide in the atmosphere. The concentration of CO gas is measured by a reading of the current.
This type of sensor is dominant within the CO detector category.
This type of sensor darkens with the presence of carbon monoxide gas. These types of sensors measure the concentration of CO gas over time.
This type of sensor measures CO gas using integrated circuit technology. The sensing element has to be heated to 400 degrees Celsius to be able to work.
These types of detectors can also pick up other gases such as chlorine bleaches and silicones.
Carbon monoxide alarms should be installed based on manufacturer's instructions. The US Consumer Product Safety Commission says that CO detectors should be installed in the hallway outside the bedrooms in each separate sleeping area of the home.
CO alarms may be installed into a plug-in receptacle or high on the wall. The density of CO gas is very similar to air.
The gas sensor in a Carbon Monoxide detector typically runs out in 2 to 5 years. Read the manufacturer's instructions. There are also test buttons on the detectors, but this tests to make sure the detector is powered. It does not let you know about the gas sensor.